Concerns for American individualism and character in the 21st century have early origins that date even prior to today’s era, among them the concept of work ethic and the American Dream. According to an academic journal published by the International Social Science Review, this could be explained by dramatic transitions in the workplace, which while seemingly improving in higher quality jobs and more educated workers, also was regressing with a lack of employer support for work ethic. The issue at hand was that intrinsic motivation and interest to work hard therefore no longer existed, as Americans increasingly pursued money and other extrinsic factors. Despite the journal being published in 1989 and in a vastly different context, these same concerns are still controversial as people debate over the current state of the American work ethic today.
Capital punishment in the United States has been an enduring topic of controversy for decades, as its opponents present practical and ethical concerns while supporters justify the punishment’s necessity in deterrence, retribution, etc. According to the book Capital Punishment: The Revised Edition written by H. Henderson, the death penalty’s 1972 case of Furman vs. Georgia led to a Supreme Court moratorium on executions, until restoration in 1976. Since then it has been in decline, both in public opinion as recent polls show that support for the death penalty is the lowest since its 1976 reinstatement, and in practice as geographical disparities, racial bias, and other issues have become apparent. Despite this, Gallup (2016) showed a 60% majority of public support for the death penalty, and so the debate over its abolishment continues. With a change in context under the new Trump administration, and a vacancy on the Supreme Court about to be filled, this gradual decline in capital punishment may be officiated by abolishment or countered by reinforcement. The situation at hand thus demands the need to address the direction of where the death penalty is heading – whether it should be abolished, reformed, or kept – and other factors such as who may instigate legal action, on what grounds, and possible consequences. Given these findings upon which this report will elaborate, the death penalty cannot be continued within the United States and its abolition is necessary and inevitable.
Recently it has come to light that two more innocent black men have been added to the extensive and expanding list of black victims who were unjustly killed by white police: Alton Sterling and Philando Castile, whose back-to-back deaths have shocked and outraged their loved ones and people worldwide.
The arrival of summer unleashes a constant sequence of celebrations worldwide, whether for vacation, birthdays, or patriotic holidays. Unfortunately, the fervour of the people along with the rising temperatures of the season have seemingly led to more brutal forms of festivity in some parts of the world, as the Yulin Dog Meat Festival of Guangxi, China looms at the end of every June.